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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dlibrary.univ-boumerdes.dz:8080/handle/123456789/459

Titre: Modification of cellulose for an application in the waste water treatment
Auteur(s): Timhadjelt, Lamia
Aissani, Zoubir
Boumerdassi, Karima
Serier, Mohamed
Serier, Aicha
Mots-clés: Cellulose
Heavy Metals
Sorption
Modification
Waste Water Treatment
Issue Date: 2009
Editeur: Springer
Collection/Numéro: Damage and fracture mechanics/ (2009);pp. 531-538
Résumé: Today's dramatic shortage of water resources and alarming pollution has recently triggered a lot of research for alternative water resources. This study consists in modifying cellulose by grafting of the amidoxime groups for its use in the adsorption of the Cu2+, Cr3+ and sulphide ions present in industrial waste waters. Cellulose is an abundant biodegradable polymer. The amidoxime groups are strong complexants of metal ions. The grafting is achieved in two steps: cyanoethylation and amidoximation, confirmed by FT-IR. The optimum conditions and the parameters influencing the two reactions are determined by the kjeldahl's method and by FT-IR. The amidoxime quantity is determined by measuring the quantity of the amine functions by HCl proportioning. The implementation of the modified cellulose is intended for the adsorption of the metal ions Cu2+ and Cr3+ and sulphide ions S2− in a double adsorption. The FT-IR analysis reveals that the fixing of metal cations is based on the complexation of the latter with the ligands of the adsorbent. The optimum adsorption was recorded at pH = 6 for a contact time of 5 h and an initial concentration of 10−1M in metals. The desorption of fixed metals is possible by the EDTA, and the re-use of the adsorbent confirms the effectiveness of recycling
URI: http://dlibrary.univ-boumerdes.dz:8080/handle/123456789/459
Appears in Collections:Publications Internationales

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